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Gilbert

Info from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert,_Arizona


Gilbert is a town in Maricopa CountyArizonaUnited States, located southeast of Phoenix, within the Phoenix metropolitan area. Once known as the "Hay Shipping Capital of the World",[4] Gilbert is currently the most populous incorporated town in the United States. It is the sixth-largest municipality in Arizona, and the fifth-largest in the Metropolitan Phoenix Area.

Gilbert encompasses 76 square miles (197 km2) and has made a rapid transformation from an agriculture-based community to an economically diverse suburban center located in the southeast valley of the Greater Phoenix area. In the last three decades, Gilbert has grown at an extremely high rate, increasing in population from 5,717 in 1980 to 208,453 as of the 2010 census. The town grew at an average annual growth rate of nearly 13% during this 30-year period.

History[edit]

Gilbert owes its beginnings to William "Bobby" Gilbert who provided land to the Arizona Eastern Railway in 1902 to construct a rail line between Phoenix and Florence, Arizona. Ayer's Grocery Store, the first store in Gilbert, opened in 1910 and became the location of the first post office in 1912. The location of the town post office moved several times before settling on the east side of Gilbert Road in downtown, where it still stands today. In 1912, many Mormons who had fled the Mormon colonies in Mexico due to the actions of the forces of Pancho Villa settled in Gilbert. By 1915, they began holding church meetings at the Gilbert Elementary School. In 1918, they were organized into the Gilbert Ward.[5]

Incorporated in July 1920, Gilbert was primarily a farming community fueled by the rail line and construction of the Roosevelt Dam and the Eastern and Consolidated Canals. It remained an agricultural town for many years and was known as the "Hay Capital of the World"[6] from 1911 until the late 1920s.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, in the 2000 Census, the town had an estimated area of 40 square miles (104 km2). As of 2009, and due to annexations the current Municipal Planning Area of Gilbert has a total area of 76.0 square miles (197 km2), of which, 75.76 square miles (196.2 km2) is land and 0.24 square miles (0.6 km2) is water.

Climate[edit]

Gilbert has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh).

hideClimate data for Gilbert, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C) 89
(32)
95
(35)
99
(37)
106
(41)
118
(48)
116
(47)
119
(48)
115
(46)
113
(45)
107
(42)
97
(36)
86
(30)
119
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 67
(19)
71
(22)
77
(25)
85
(29)
94
(34)
104
(40)
106
(41)
104
(40)
99
(37)
89
(32)
75
(24)
67
(19)
87
(30)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
45
(7)
49
(9)
54
(12)
61
(16)
70
(21)
77
(25)
76
(24)
70
(21)
59
(15)
47
(8)
40
(4)
57
(14)
Record low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
19
(−7)
24
(−4)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
43
(6)
54
(12)
51
(11)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
17
(−8)
15
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.01
(25.7)
1.03
(26.2)
1.19
(30.2)
0.33
(8.4)
0.13
(3.3)
0.04
(1)
0.89
(22.6)
1.14
(29)
0.89
(22.6)
0.81
(20.6)
0.77
(19.6)
0.98
(24.9)
9.21
(234.1)
Source: The Weather Channel [7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop. 
1920 865  
1930 791   −8.6%
1940 837   5.8%
1950 1,114   33.1%
1960 1,833   64.5%
1970 1,971   7.5%
1980 5,717   190.1%
1990 29,188   410.5%
2000 109,697   275.8%
2010 208,453   90.0%
Est. 2017 242,354 [3] 16.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
 
Town Hall building at the Civic Center
 
A waterfront in the Val Vista Lakes Community in Gilbert
 
The Liberty Market and the water tower in March 2009
 
SanTan Village in September 2009

As of the census of 2010, there were 208,453 people, 74,147 housing units, and 3.01 persons per household.

  • Fastest growing municipality in the United States from 1990–2003 (U.S. Census Bureau)
  • Currently the 4th fastest growing municipality in the United States (U.S. Census Bureau – 2009)
  • Ranked by CNN's Money magazine in 2008 as one of the best places to live in the United States[9]
  • One of the top 25 safest cities in the United States[10]
  • 34.5% of Gilbert residents hold a bachelor's degree or higher.[11]
  • Highest household median income in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area with population 50,000+ (U.S. Census Bureau 2005)

According to Nielsen's Claritas demographics,[11] in 2009 the racial makeup of the town was:

2009 estimated population data by gender/age:[11]

  • 31.37 average age male/female
  • 50.22% male
    • 30.03 est. average age
  • 49.78% female
    • 31.82 est. average age
  • 37.14% population under 21
  • 33.25% population under 18
  • 70.01% population over 16
  • 66.76% population over 18
  • 62.86% population over 21
  • 5.30% population over 65

2009 estimated population age 15+ by marital status:[11]

  • 20.87% never married
  • 66.71% married, spouse present
  • 2.23% married, spouse absent
  • 2.11% widowed
  • 8.07% divorced

2009 estimated population age 25+ educational attainment:[11]

  • 92.33% high school/GED or higher
  • 37.5% bachelor's degree or higher
  • 10.46% master's degree or higher

2009 estimated household by household income:[11]

  • $109,213 average household income
  • $89,077 median household income
  • $35,559 per capita Income
  • 2.28% of families are below the poverty level

Religion[edit]

Various religious denominations are represented in Gilbert. The town has been known for its high Mormon population, a fact evidenced by the LDS church's building of a temple in Gilbert, dedicated March 2, 2014.[12][13]

Economy[edit]

Largest employers[edit]

According to the town's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[14] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1 Gilbert Public Schools 3,642
2 Banner Health 2,268
3 Mercy Gilbert Medical Center 1,233
4 Town of Gilbert 1,191
5 Fry's Food and Drug 966
6 Go Daddy 950
7 Walmart 791
8 Chandler Unified School District 518
9 B H Drywall 500
10 Dillard's Retail and Distribution 490

Arts and culture[edit]

Historic properties[edit]

Various properties in the town of Gilbert are considered historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places[15] or listed as such in the Gilbert Historic District. In the gallery at the end of the article are images of some of these properties.

Music and dance[edit]

These performers have been associated with Gilbert:

Government[edit]

Gilbert was recognized in 2010 as the "36th Best Place to Live in the nation",[18] as well as among the nation's "top places to live and learn",[18] by GreatSchools.org. Washington, DC-based CQ Press rated Gilbert the "safest municipality in Arizona, and 25th safest in the nation." [19]

Since Gilbert remains incorporated as a town, it lacks the additional powers possessed by nearby Mesa and Chandler, which are incorporated as cities. For instance, Arizona towns do not have as much power to regulate utilities and construction within their borders as cities possess.[20] Unlike most of its neighboring communities, Gilbert is theoretically vulnerable to annexation.[21]

The town is part of Arizona's 5th congressional district, which is represented by Republican and Gilbert resident Andy Biggs.[22] The mayor of Gilbert is Jenn Daniels.

Crime[edit]

Gilbert
Crime rates* (2014)
Violent crimes
Homicide 0
Robbery 17
Aggravated assault 60
Total violent crime 89
Property crimes
Burglary 246
Larceny-theft 1,175
Motor vehicle theft 54
Arson 10
Total property crime 1,475
Notes

*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.

2014 population: 235,430

Source2014 FBI UCR Data

Gilbert is rated as a town of relatively low crime. According to FBI records, Gilbert was the largest town in the United States with zero murders in 2005, 2007, and 2014.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Most of Gilbert is zoned to schools in the Gilbert Public Schools, while other portions are zoned to districts including the Chandler Unified School DistrictMesa Public Schools, and the Higley Unified School District. Also in Gilbert are charter schools such as Edu-Prize (the first charter school in Arizona). The town is also home to Gilbert Christian Schools, a chain of private schools.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Gilbert is primarily served by one area freeway—the Santan Freeway portion of Loop 202. A small section of the US 60 Superstition Freeway also skirts the northern boundary of the town at the Higley Road interchange (Exit 186). Several regional arterials also serve the area, including Williams Field Road, Chandler Boulevard, and Gilbert Road. The town enjoys relative closeness to Phoenix Mesa Gateway Airport, which is located in east Mesa, and is a twenty-five-minute drive from Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.

Recently, a park-and-ride facility was constructed in downtown Gilbert for bus service and future commuter rail service. Although the facility borders the Union Pacific(formerly Southern Pacific) tracks and has provisions for commuter rail service, there is currently no such service. Bus service is limited in Gilbert, with some north-south routes in Mesa dead-ending at Baseline Road before entering Gilbert. Routes that serve portions of Gilbert include the 108-Elliot Road, 112-Country Club/Arizona Avenue, 136-Gilbert Road, 140-Ray Road, 156-Chandler Boulevard/Williams Field Road, 184-Power Road, and 531-Mesa/Gilbert Express, with most of these routes operating at 30 minute frequency on weekdays. Sunday service is only available on Routes 108, 112, 156, and 184. Most people get around by cars or bikes. The city of Gilbert has a low percentage of households without a car. In 2015, 1.9 percent of Gilbert households lacked a car, and the figure was virtually unchanged in 2016 (1.7 percent). The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Gilbert averaged 2.08 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8.[23]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Gilbert has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder"United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  3. Jump up to:a b "Gilbert town, Arizona". Retrieved 2018-09-23.
  4. ^ Gilbert Profile
  5. ^ "Gilbert Arizona Community's roots date to 1920"Church News. November 19, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  6. ^ "Gilbert History". Ci.gilbert.az.us. Archived from the original on April 17, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  7. ^ "Average Weather for Gilbert, AZ – Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing"Chandler

    Chandler is a city southeast of Phoenix, in Arizona. Its many parks include Desert Breeze Park, with vintage train rides on the Desert Breeze Railroad. Veterans Oasis Park has wetlands and a Sonoran Desert landscape, plus the Solar System Walk, a scale model of the planets. Tumbleweed Park features Playtopia, a playground with themed zones. The Arizona Railway Museum exhibits antique trains.

     

     

    Find more info Here: http://www.city-data.com/city/Chandler-Arizona.html

    Mesa

    Info from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesa,_Arizona


    Mesa (/?me?s?/ MAY-s?) is a city in Maricopa County, in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is a suburb located about 20 miles (32 km) east of Phoenix. Mesa is the central city of the East Valley section of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. It is bordered by Tempe on the west, the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community on the north, Chandler and Gilbert on the south along with Queen Creek, and Apache Junction on the east.

    Mesa is the third-largest city in Arizona, after Phoenix and Tucson, and the 36th-largest city in the US. The city is home to 439,041 people as of 2010 according to the Census Bureau. Mesa is home to numerous higher education facilities including the Polytechnic campus of Arizona State University.

     

    Mesa, Arizona
    City of Mesa
    Mesa Bank and Mesa Arts Center building in downtown Mesa
    Mesa Bank and Mesa Arts Center building in downtown Mesa
    Flag of Mesa, Arizona
    Flag
    Location of Mesa in Maricopa County, Arizona
    Location of Mesa in Maricopa County, Arizona
    Mesa is located in the US
    Mesa
    Mesa
    Location in the United States
    Coordinates: 33°24′54″N 111°49′53″WCoordinates33°24′54″N 111°49′53″W
    Country United States
    State Arizona
    County Maricopa
    Founded 1878
    Government
     
     • Mayor John Giles (R)
    Area
     • City 138.63 sq mi (359.05 km2)
     • Land 137.88 sq mi (357.10 km2)
     • Water 0.75 sq mi (1.95 km2)
    Elevation
     
    1,243 ft (378 m)
    Population 
     • City 439,041
     • Estimate 
    (2017)[3]
    496,401
     • Rank US: 36th
     • Density 3,514.66/sq mi (1,357.01/km2)
     • Urban
     
    3,629,114 (US: 12th)
     • Metro
     
    4,574,531 (US: 12th)
    Time zone UTC−7 (MST (no DST))
    ZIP codes
    85200-85299
    Area code(s) 480 602
    FIPS code 04-46000
    Website www.mesaaz.gov
    We ask you, humbly, to help.
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    Mesa (/?me?s?/ MAY-s?) is a city in Maricopa County, in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is a suburb located about 20 miles (32 km) east of Phoenix. Mesa is the central city of the East Valley section of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. It is bordered by Tempe on the west, the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community on the north, Chandler and Gilbert on the south along with Queen Creek, and Apache Junction on the east.

    Mesa is the third-largest city in Arizona, after Phoenix and Tucson, and the 36th-largest city in the US. The city is home to 439,041 people as of 2010 according to the Census Bureau. Mesa is home to numerous higher education facilities including the Polytechnic campus of Arizona State University.

    History[edit]

    The history of Mesa dates back at least 2,000 years to the arrival of the Hohokam people. The Hohokam, whose name means "All Used Up" or "The Departed Ones", built the original canal system. The canals were the largest and most sophisticated in the prehistoric New World. Some were up to 90 feet (27 m) wide and 10 feet (3.0 m) deep at their head gates, extending for as far as 16 miles (26 km) across the desert. By A.D. 1100 water could be delivered to an area over 110,000 acres (450 km2), transforming the Sonoran Desert into an agricultural oasis. By A.D. 1450, the Hohokam had constructed hundreds of miles of canals many of which are still in use today.[4]

    After the disappearance of the Hohokam and before the arrival of the early settlers little is known, as explorers did not venture into this area. By the late 19th century near present-day Mesa, U.S. Army troops subdued the Apache opening the way for settlement.[5]

    Mormon pioneer Daniel Webster Jones, with Henry Clay Rogers as his right-hand man, led an expedition to found a Mormon settlement in Arizona. Leaving St. GeorgeUtah in March 1877, Jones and others arrived at Lehi, an area within the northern edge of present-day Mesa. Jones had been asked by Mormon officials to direct a party of people in establishing a settlement in Arizona. This settlement was initially known as Jonesville and Fort Utah and did not receive the name of Lehi until 1883, when it was adopted on the suggestion of Brigham Young, Jr.[6]

    At the same time, another group dubbed the First Mesa Company arrived from Utah and Idaho. Their leaders were named Francis Martin Pomeroy, Charles Crismon, George Warren Sirrine and Charles I. Robson. Rather than accepting an invitation to settle at Jones' Lehi settlement, they moved to the top of the mesa that serves as the city's namesake. They dug irrigation canals, some of which were over the original Hohokam canals, and by April 1878, water was flowing through them.[7] The Second Mesa Company arrived in 1879 and settled to the west of where the First Mesa Company settled in 1880, due to lack of available farmland. This settlement was called Stringtown.[8]

    On July 17, 1878, Mesa City was registered as a 1-square-mile (2.6 km2) townsite. The first school was built in 1879. In 1883, Mesa City was incorporated with a population of 300 people. Dr. A. J. Chandler, who would later go on to found the city of Chandler, worked on widening the Mesa Canal in 1895 to allow for enough flow to build a power plant. In 1917, the city of Mesa purchased the utility company. The revenues from the company provided enough for capital expenditures until the 1960s. During the Great DepressionWPA funds provided paved streets, a new hospital, a new town hall and a library.[9]

    With the opening of Falcon Field and Williams Field in the early 1940s, more military personnel began to move into the Mesa area. With the advent of air conditioning and the rise of tourism, population growth exploded in Mesa as well as the rest of the Phoenix area. Industry—especially early aerospace companies—grew in the 1950s and 1960s. As late as 1960, half of the residents of Mesa made a living with agriculture, but this has declined substantially as Mesa's suburban growth continued on track with the rest of the Phoenix metro area.[10]

    In 1990, the Census Bureau reported city's population as 10.9% Hispanic and 84.9% non-Hispanic white.[11]

    Geography[edit]

    Defining east and west Mesa[edit]

    Due to Mesa's extremely long east to west travel distance, in excess of 18 miles (29 km)[12] and large land area 133.13 square miles (344.8 km2), locations in Mesa are often referred to as residing within either East Mesa or West Mesa.[13][14][15]

    Commonly accepted boundaries[edit]

    Center Street[edit]

    Mesa employs a grid system for street numbering that is different from that used in Phoenix and other portions of the metropolitan area. Center Street, running north to south, bisects Mesa into eastern and western halves and serves as the east and west numbering point of origin within Mesa. Streets west of Center St., such as W. University Drive or W. Main St. are considered to be in West Mesa, whereas streets east of Center St., such as E. University or E. Main St., are considered to be in East Mesa.[16]

    Mesa Drive[edit]

    Mesa Drive, running north to south and bisecting Mesa into east and west sections, is located 0.5 miles (800 m) east of Center Street, and serves as the zip code boundary between the 85281, 85201, 85202, and 85210 zip codes of Western Mesa and the 85203, 85204, 85205, 85206, 85207, 85208, 85209, 85212, 85213, 85215, 85220, and 85242 zip codes of Eastern Mesa.[17]

    Country Club Drive[edit]

    Country Club Drive, running north to south and bisecting Mesa into east and west sections, is located 0.5 miles (800 m) west of Center St, and serves as the jurisdictional boundary between Arizona's 5th and 6th congressional districts.[18] Note that this same road (as Arizona Avenue) serves as the official east and west numbering point of origin within the city of Chandler, located south of Mesa.

    Climate[edit]

    Located in the Sonoran Desert, Mesa has a hot desert climate (KöppenBWh), with mild winters and very hot summers. The hottest month is July, with an average high of 106 °F (41 °C) and an average low of 77 °F (25 °C). The coldest month is December, with an average high of 67 °F (19 °C) and an average low of 41 °F (5 °C).[19]

    hideClimate data for Mesa, Arizona
    MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
    Record high °F (°C) 89
    (32)
    95
    (35)
    99
    (37)
    106
    (41)
    118
    (48)
    116
    (47)
    119
    (48)
    115
    (46)
    113
    (45)
    107
    (42)
    97
    (36)
    86
    (30)
    119
    (48)
    Average high °F (°C) 67
    (19)
    71
    (22)
    77
    (25)
    85
    (29)
    94
    (34)
    104
    (40)
    106
    (41)
    104
    (40)
    99
    (37)
    89
    (32)
    75
    (24)
    67
    (19)
    87
    (30)
    Average low °F (°C) 41
    (5)
    45
    (7)
    49
    (9)
    54
    (12)
    61
    (16)
    70
    (21)
    77
    (25)
    76
    (24)
    70
    (21)
    59
    (15)
    47
    (8)
    40
    (4)
    57
    (14)
    Record low °F (°C) 15
    (−9)
    19
    (−7)
    24
    (−4)
    30
    (−1)
    37
    (3)
    43
    (6)
    54
    (12)
    51
    (11)
    40
    (4)
    30
    (−1)
    22
    (−6)
    17
    (−8)
    15
    (−9)
    Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.01
    (25.7)
    1.03
    (26.2)
    1.19
    (30.2)
    0.33
    (8.4)
    0.17
    (4.3)
    0.06
    (1.5)
    0.89
    (22.6)
    1.14
    (29)
    0.89
    (22.6)
    0.81
    (20.6)
    0.77
    (19.6)
    0.98
    (24.9)
    9.27
    (235.6)
    Source: The Weather Channel[19]

    Demographics[edit]

    Historical population
    CensusPop. 
    1900 722  
    1910 1,692   134.3%
    1920 3,036   79.4%
    1930 3,711   22.2%
    1940 7,224   94.7%
    1950 16,790   132.4%
    1960 33,772   101.1%
    1970 63,049   86.7%
    1980 152,404   141.7%
    1990 288,104   89.0%
    2000 396,375   37.6%
    2010 439,041   10.8%
    Est. 2017 496,401 [3] 13.1%
    U.S. Decennial Census[20]

    According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Mesa was as follows:[21]

    As of the census of 2010, there were 439,041 people, 146,643 households, and 99,863 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,171.3 people per square mile (1,224.4/km2). There were 175,701 housing units at an average density of 1,405.7 per square mile (542.8/km2).

    The racial make-up of the city was 81.6% White, 2.4% Black or African American, 2.2% Native American, 2.00% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 9.3% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 24.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

    There were 146,643 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.20.

    The age distribution was 27.3% under 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

    The median income for a household in the city was $42,817, and the median income for a family was $49,232. Males had a median income of $35,960 versus $27,005 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,601. About 6.2% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over. Mesa's residents exhibit a great deal of economic diversity,[citation needed] with low-income areas constructed somewhat close to high-scale neighborhoods with expensive custom homes. The neighborhood "Marlborough Mesa" has won a community award.[citation needed]

    Economy[edit]

    Top employers[edit]

    According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[22] the top employers in the city are:

    #Employer# of employees
    1 Banner Health System 9,573
    2 Mesa Public Schools 8,500
    3 Boeing 4,700
    4 City of Mesa 3,545
    5 Walmart 2,507
    6 Gilbert Public Schools 1,300
    7 Fry's Food and Drug 1,087
    8 Mesa Community College 1,002
    9 The Home Depot 963
    10 Maricopa County Government 902

    Cultural attractions[edit]

     
    LDS Mesa Arizona Temple with Christmas lights

    Historic properties in Mesa[edit]

    Numerous properties in the city are considered to be historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places[23] or the listings of the Mesa Historic Properties. The following are images of some of these properties with a short description.